Today, there is a buzz all around about containerization, Kubernetes, and Docker. What is Docker and Kubernetes used for and how they are linked with containerization? What are the top advantages of utilizing Docker and Kubernetes, the Difference between Docker and Kubernetes? In this blog, we will answer all these queries.

What is a Container?

A container is an independent unit that contains code and all its dependencies together so the application can run quickly from one computing environment to another. But there is a cloud container security checklist that must be followed during the SDLC. Click here to know Kubernetes and Container Security Checklist to Build Secure Apps. In the upcoming section of Kubernetes Vs Docker, we will find out which is the better container orchestration system between Docker and Kubernetes and what is Docker and Kubernetes used for.

Benefits of Containers –

  • Less overhead: Containers require fewer resources as compared to the traditional environments since they do exclude operating system images.
  • Expanded portability: Applications running in containers can be deployed effectively to different OS and hardware platforms.
  • More reliable operation: DevOps groups know applications in containers will run in the same manner, irrespective of the platform they are deployed.
  • Better productivity: Containers permit applications to be all the more quickly deployed, fixed or scaled.
  • Better application development: Containers support agile and DevOps endeavors to speed up development, test, and production cycles.

Also Read – DevOps – The Next Game Changer in SDLC

Definition: Kubernetes Vs Docker

What is Docker?

Docker is a containerization platform. Fundamentally, it’s a toolkit that makes it simpler, more secure, and quicker for engineers to build, deploy and manage containers. In spite of the fact that it started as an open-source project, Docker today also refers to Docker, Inc., the organization that produces commercial Docker products. Presently, it is the most famous tool for making containers, regardless of whether developers use Windows, Linux, or MacOS.

 Kubernetes Vs Docker_inner image_01

Some of the tools and terminology related to Docker –

  • Docker Engine: The runtime environment that permits developers to create and run containers.
  • Dockerfile: A text document that defines everything needed to assemble a Docker container image, for example, file locations and OS network specification. It’s basically a list of orders that Docker Engine will run to collect the image.
  • Docker Compose: A tool for characterizing and running multi-container applications. It makes a YAML document to determine the services that the application contains and can be deployed with a single order through the Docker CLI.

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“Kubernetes Vs Docker: Get to know difference between Docker and Kubernetes”

Reference video by Simplilearn.

What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is an open-source platform used to automate the containerized workload management. It automates the load balancing, manages service discovery, tracks resource allocation, and several other activities required for automatic containers deployment.

Kubernetes architecture

Benefits: Kubernetes vs Docker

Benefits of Docker

  • Offers an easy initial setup
  • Simple configuration
  • Incorporates and works with existing Docker tools
  • Permits you to describe your application lifecycle
  • User can track container versions easily to look at inconsistencies between earlier versions.
  • Documentation offers every piece of information.
  • Guarantees that application is isolated

Benefits of Kubernetes

  • Easy Organization of service with pods
  • Holds fast to the principles of an unchanging framework.
  • Developed by Google having impeccable industry experience
  • One of the largest Communities among container management tools
  • Offers different storage alternatives for on-premises SANs and public cloud.

Weaknesses: Kubernetes Vs Docker

Weaknesses of Kubernetes

  • Relocating to stateless requires extra efforts
  • Restricted functionality as per the accessibility in the Docker API.
  • Profoundly intricate Installation/configuration measures
  • Not viable existing Docker CLI and Compose tools
  • Complex automatic scale-up settings and manual cluster deployment

Weaknesses of Docker

  • Doesn’t give a storage choice
  • Poor monitoring option
  • Absence of automatic rescheduling of non-active Nodes
  • Every action is must be performed in CLI
  • Manual dealing with multiple instances
  • Need support for different devices for production aspect – observing, mending, scaling
  • Complicated manual cluster deployment

Kubernetes Vs Docker: Difference between Docker and Kubernetes

Some Key Kubernetes and Docker Differences –

  • Docker Swarm is developed by Docker Inc. and Kubernetes is developed by Google.
  • Kubernetes supports Auto-scaling while Docker Swarm doesn’t.
  • Kubernetes can support around 5000 hubs while Docker Swarm can support around 2000 hubs.
  • Docker Swarm is comprehensive and highly customized whereas Kubernetes is comparatively less extensive and customized.
  • Kubernetes gives low fault tolerance as compared to Docker.

Comparison: Kubernetes Vs Docker Swarm

Factors
Kubernetes
Docker Swarm
Developed ByGoogleDocker Inc
Released Year20142013
ScalingAutoscalingNo Autoscaling
InstallationComplex and time takingEasy and quick
Load BalancingRequires manual configure for load balancing settingAuto load balancing
Cluster SetUpSetting up the cluster requires only two commands.Setting up the cluster is complicated.
Data VolumeShares storage volumes with other containersCan share storage volumes within multiple containers in the same Pod.
ScalabilityScaling up is slow but guarantees stronger cluster stateCan scale up faster than K8S. However, it’s cluster strength is not robust.
Optimized forMultiple small clusterSingle large cluster
Tolerance RatioLow Fault tolerance rateHigh Tolerance Rate
Container LimitLimited to 300000 containersLimited to 95000 containers
Public Cloud Service ProviderGoogle, Azure, and AWS.Azure only
CompatibilityComprehensive and highly customizableLess extensive and customizable

Also Read – Is Your Cloud Bill Too High This Month? That’s Probably Your Fault

Kubernetes Vs Docker: Pick Your Best Container Solution

Hope that you have clearly understood Kubernetes and Docker Differences. So, can We Use Docker Without Kubernetes? Generally, Docker is used without Kubernetes. While Kubernetes offers many advantages, it is complicated and there are numerous situations where the overhead of spinning up Kubernetes is superfluous or undesirable. Docker can be used without a container orchestrator like Kubernetes. In the application development environment, the benefit of adding Kubernetes is negligible infront of the complexity it causes. Also, numerous public cloud services like AWS, GCP, and Azure give some orchestration capacities making the tradeoff of the additional intricacy superfluous.

Can We Use Kubernetes Without Docker? Being a container orchestrator, Kubernetes needs a container runtime to orchestrate. Kubernetes is mostly used with Docker, yet it can likewise be utilized with any container runtime such as RunC, and cri-o. Overall, we can say that both Docker and Kubernetes can run independently without involving the other.

The bottom line is that both Docker and Kubernetes are industry standard in their particular expertise and together they offer a well-integrated platform for container orchestration at scale. It was never actually an issue of Kubernetes Vs Docker; it was always Docker and Kubernetes, and today this is considerably more evident.

Now, we would sum up the article by saying that if you are an employer looking for cloud professionals with hands-on experience on Docker and Kubernetes, PeoplActive is the platform which can fulfill your hiring needs ASAP.

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